Guide to Travel Plug Adapters

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When electricity was first introduced into residential buildings, it was primarily utilised for lighting purposes. However, as the usage of electrical devices and appliances became more widespread, the cost of powering lights often remained lower than powering appliances. Consequently, many low-wattage devices were modified to be compatible with light fixtures. With the rapid increase in the popularity of electrical appliances, a greater number of devices began incorporating dedicated mains plugs and sockets.

Various proposals have been put forth to establish a universal system, but currently, there are no plans to move towards a single international standard. This has resulted in the present situation where a wide range of international plugs are in use, with their specific usage varying from country to country.

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Regardless of the type of travel adapter you choose, it’s important to keep in mind that these devices only modify the pin configuration on a plug to fit specific types of wall sockets. In most cases, they do not convert voltages or currents.

That being said, it’s crucial to be aware of this, especially in countries where the power supply differs from your home country. In the UK, Europe, and the Asia Pacific regions, many countries typically use either 230V or 240V as the standard mains power. Consequently, devices and appliances in these countries are designed to handle higher power consumption. On the other hand, in regions that utilise 110V or 120V power, such as North America and Taiwan, electronics designed for 240V may not function optimally, so it’s important to plan accordingly. Additionally, devices rated for 110V or 120V may potentially be damaged if exposed to much higher mains voltages.

While many modern travel plug adapters can accommodate a wide range of voltages, from 100V to 240V, it is advisable to always double-check compatibility in advance. Make sure that both the adapter and the device you intend to use are suitable before plugging anything in.

Below is a useful table providing information on the standard voltages used in each country:

JapanA, B100V
Colombia, Haiti, JamaicaA, B110V
Barbados, Trinidad and TobagoA, B115V
Bahamas, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, USA, VenezuelaA, B120V
MexicoA, B127V
Antigua and BarbudaA, B230V
PhilippinesA, B, C220V
LaosA, B, C, E, F230V
SurinameA, B, C, F127V, 230V
CubaA, B, C, L110V, 220V
ThailandA, B, C, O230V
GuyanaA, B, D, G120V, 240V
BelizeA, B, G110V, 220V
St Vincent and GrenadinesA, B, G110V, 230V
PeruA, C220V
BoliviaA, C230V
VietnamA, C, D220V
MyanmarA, C, D, G, I230V
BangladeshA, C, D, G, K220V
CambodiaA, C, G230V
ChinaA, C, I220V
YemenA, D, G230V
Angola, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, North Korea, Mauritania, Paraguay, Somalia, TogoC220V
Pakistan, South Sudan, SudanC, D230V
DR CongoC, D, E220V
Chad, NigerC, D, E, F220V
SenegalC, D, E, K230V
JordanC, D, F, G, J230V
Bhutan, Iraq, Lebanon, ZambiaC, D, G230V
MaldivesC, D, G, J, K, L230V
India, NepalC, D, M230V
South AfricaC, D, M, N230V
Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, MoroccoC, E220V
Belgium, Congo, Czechia, France, Mongolia, Poland, Slovakia, TunisiaC, E230V
MonacoC, E, F230V
DenmarkC, E, F, K230V
SyriaC, E, L220V
Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, UzbekistanC, E, L230V
GuineaC, F, K220V
UruguayC, F, L220V
Italy, San MarinoC, F, L230V
MozambiqueC, F, M220V
MauritiusC, G230V
Israel, PalestineC, H230V
ArgentinaC, I220V
Liechtenstein, Rwanda, SwitzerlandC, J230V
ChileC, L220V
Eritrea, LibyaC, L220V
BrazilC, N127V, 220V
Botswana, Dominica, Ghana, Nigeria, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, TanzaniaD, G230V
ZimbabweD, G240V
NamibiaD, M220V
Bahrain, Cyprus, Gambia, Grenada, Ireland, Malawi, Malta, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UAE, UKG230V
Brunei, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Seychelles, UgandaG240V
Solomon IslandsG, I230V
Australia, New Zealand, Samoa, Tuvalu, VanuatuI230V
Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, TongaI240V